Toddlers who are two to three years old are all about freedom and exploration. With improved motor skills that help them with coordination and strength, they can better their skills in running, climbing, and jumping. They have a growing impulse to assert their independence, and this can be quite challenging for parents. This is why this stage is called the “terrible twos.” It is definitely not all terrible, however. It is also a fascinating and exciting time with many social, intellectual, and emotional changes. The child would be able to explore the new world and start understanding it. At this age, he or she will start making connections and discovering relationships. The toddler will be very involved with new abilities like performing and communicating. He or she will have better control over body and mind. This is when potty training starts for a toddler.
This is a time of learning. The toddler will start to make use of tasks learned in the past. He or she will also gain confidence. During this stage, the child is very receptive to learning new things. In terms of vocabulary, the toddler will be capable of responding to two- or three-phrase commands. The typical two-year-old has about a 30-50 word vocabulary. The child can form two word phrases. A three-year-old can usually form three word phrases or sentences. He or she can use pronouns like I, you, me, and we. Further, the child can start using the pronouns and words to express emotions. Adults can understand around 75 percent of what a 3-year-old child says.
Further, from the ages of two to three, a child will also be able to detect objects by shape and color. Scribbling becomes important for the toddler at this stage. While they will not be able to color in the lines, they can learn to draw circles as a start. Further, this is a time when they imitate the actions of adults and peers, and express a many different emotions. In order to ensure developmental health for your toddler, when he or she is between two and three years old, it is recommended that you encourage certain activities that involve the development of language, imagination, discovery, and role-play. Therefore, it is helpful if you:
- Set up a time to read books with him or her.
- Play games like follow the leader.
- Encourage pretend play.
- Ask your child to say his name and age.
- Give your child the opportunity to explore surroundings during a walk.
- Teach your child simple nursery rhymes and songs.
- Encourage scribbling. Give your child crayons and paper!
Since independence is growing at a rapid rate, you need to make sure that you have control over the situation. Follow the following safety precautions.
- Teach your toddler to refrain from putting crayons and pencils in his or her mouth.
- When your child is sitting on your lap, do not drink hot beverages. A sudden movement can cause a spill.
- Encourage your toddler to sit during meals.
- Make sure he or she chews food thoroughly.
- Check toys frequently for broken parts.
- Do not leave your child around water unsupervised.